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Papyrus 78

Date: 300 A.D.

Discovered: Oxyrhynchus, Egypt

Location: Oxford, England; Ashmolean Museum

Contents: Jude 4-5, 7-8

 

Jude

For there are certain men who crept in secretly, even those who were long ago written about for this condemnation: ungodly men, turning the grace of our God into indecency, and denying our only Master, God, and Lord, Jesus Christ.

Now I desire to remind you, brothers, though you already know this, that the Lord, having saved a people out of the land of Egypt, afterward destroyed those who didn’t believe.

[..]

Even as Sodom and Gomorrah and the cities around them, having in the same way as these given themselves over to sexual immorality and gone after strange flesh, are shown as an example, suffering the punishment of eternal fire. Yet in the same way, these also in their dreaming defile the flesh, despise authority, and slander celestial beings.

 

How to read these pages:

•      The translation to the left is based on the World English Bible. Words in regular black font are words in the manuscript matching the Majority Text for that passage.

•      Words in italics cannot be seen in the manuscript, since the manuscript is fragmentary. These words are supplied for readability by the World English Bible translation.

•      Words present in the manuscript but with some letters unreadable or missing are in blue like this: blue. One Greek word often is translated into multiple English words, and when this occurs, all the English words are in blue.

•      Words present in the manuscript but with spelling or trivial word order differences that do not affect the meaning are in green like this: green.

•      If the manuscript is different from the Majority Text, words in the Majority Text that are missing from the text of the manuscript are marked through in red like this: strike-through.If the manuscript differs from the Majority Text yet matches another well-known text, this is noted in the footnotes.

•      If the manuscript is different from the Majority Text, words in the manuscript that are not in the Majority Text are underlined in red like this: new words.If the manuscript differs from the Majority Text yet matches another well-known text, this is noted in the footnotes.